LGBTI Equal Rights Association for Western Balkans and Turkey

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Publishing Year: 
2018
Language: 
ENGLISH
Country: 
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Report of the Independent Expert on protection against violence and discrimination based on sexual orientation and gender identity

Original Title: 
Report of the Independent Expert on protection against violence and discrimination based on sexual orientation and gender identity
Resource Type: 
Analysis
Legislation
Recommendation
Report
Briefing paper
Theme publication

In this report, the SOGI Independent Expert of the United Nations provides an overview of violence and discrimination based on sexual orientation and gender identity. Such acts are committed in all corners of the world, and victims are presumed to be in the millions, every year. These acts extend from daily exclusion and discrimination to the most heinous acts, including torture and arbitrary killings. At their root lie the intent to punish the non-conformity of victims with preconceived notions of what should be their sexual orientation or gender identity. The Independent Expert highlights how lesbian, gay, bisexual, trans and gender non-conforming persons are affected differently by these acts and how intersecting factors have an impact on their vulnerability and on their risk of exclusion and marginalization. He also examines the link between hate speech and hate crimes, and the role of the media in amplifying and disseminating messages that reinforce stigma and foster violence and discrimination. 

The Independent Expert also explores the root causes of violence and discrimination based on sexual orientation and gender identity, including deeply entrenched stigma and prejudice reinforced by discriminatory laws and regulations that foster a climate where hate speech, violence and discrimination are condoned and perpetrated with impunity. He examines the impact of social prejudice and criminalization on the marginalization and exclusion of lesbian, gay, bisexual or trans and gender non-conforming persons, and addresses the issue of the negation of violence and discrimination based on sexual orientation or gender identity and the resulting data gap, highlighting positive examples of data-gathering and recent measures taken by States to address violence and discrimination based on sexual orientation or gender identity, including steps to acknowledge responsibility as an essential element in the establishment of historical truth, the process of reparation and the reconstitution of the social fabric. 

 


 

Disclaimer: 

This report has been produced with the financial assistance of the United States Agency for International Development (USAID). The content of this report is the sole responsibility of the authors and can under no circumstances be regarded as reflecting the position of either the USAID, the United States Government, or other agencies mentioned in this report.

The views expressed in this publication are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily represent those of the United Nations, including UNDP, or the UN Member States.


 

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